augustDid you know that a nasty breath issue or a clumsy floss routine can lead to such foul problems like destroyed gum and holes in your grin? Next time you brush your teeth, keep this in mind and read more to learn how to prevent periodontal nightmares.

What’s periodontal disease?

Periodontal, or gum, diseases are bacterial infections of the tissue and bones around the teeth. Periodontal diseases are preventable and treatable, but left untreated, can result in tooth loss. Gingivitis and periodontitis are the most common forms of periodontal complications.

What’s the difference between gingivitis and periodontitis?

Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease and it only affects gums. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene and it’s reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care. Periodontitis is a severe gum disorder that causes destruction of the bones that support the teeth as well as gum tissue. This gum infection can lead to tooth loss and an even higher risk of other extremely serious diseases and conditions, such as stroke, heart attack, and even obesity. Periodontitis ranges from necrotizing to chronic, and might cause complications such as mortification of gingival tissues and oral bone loss.

What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?

Pay attention to the following alarm signs: gums that bleed easily; red, swollen, tender gums; gums that have pulled away from the teeth; persistent bad breath or bad taste; permanent teeth that are loose or separating; any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite; any change in the fit of partial dentures. But keep in mind that regular visits to the dentist for cleaning and periodontal examination are extremely important because it is possible to have periodontal disease and have no warning signs.

“Periodontal disease irresponsible for 70 percent of all adult tooth losses”

What causes periodontal disease?

A list of oral enemies and bad habits can increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:

  • Crooked teeth;
  • Fillings that have become defective;
  • Bridges that no longer fit properly;
  • Genetics and a bad diet;
  • Tobacco smoking or chewing;
  • Prevalent diseases such as diabetes;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Some types of medication such as steroids, anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, calcium channel blockers and oral contra- captives.

How can I prevent periodontal disease?

Strict and proper oral hygiene at home and regular visits to the dentist are the best tactics against periodontal disease. Daily brushing (at least twice a day) and flossing will keep gingivitis away. Brush your teeth at the mirror to make sure you clean each surface. After you are done, rinse vigorously to remove any plaque you might have loosened while brushing and floss to remove food and bacteria from in-between your teeth. A well-balanced diet including fruits and vegetables, grains, meat and dairy products helps to keep strong teeth and contributes to overall health. Visit your dentist for regular check-ups and professional cleanings.

At Joinway Dental, teeth cleaning costs 400RMB but the check- up are a free of charge service. Procedures such as scaling, root planning, dental implants or pocket reduction range from 2000 to 5000.

Follow our advice and watch over your teeth. Don’t loose your teeth and smile to periodontal disease.

Keep smiling!

Jane Zhang, MD Dentist